Information about Stem Cells
The medical field has experienced numerous advancements over the years. The technologies that have been invented are the reason behind the numerous advancements. Stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promise in treating various diseases medical conditions due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field. The differences between stem cells and regular cells are numerous. You need to research more about stem cells if you want to understand stem cells more. The main categories of stem cells are two. Stem cells are mainly categorized into adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Stem cells derived from living human beings are referred to as adult stem cells. Stem cells that are derived from human embryos are referred to as embryonic stem cells.
Adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, but they are as versatile as embryonic stem cells. The first uses of stem cells were umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that the inability of adult stem cells to become all the cell types found in the human body made them inferior to embryonic stem cells. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. The other name for reprogrammed adult stem cells is induced pluripotent stem cells.
Induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body, the same as embryonic stem cells. Even though adult stem cells cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body, they are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. Within the first four to five days after fertilization, all cells making the embryo are stem cells. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. Five or six days after fertilization, the stem cells forming the embryo cease to be pluripotent.
Amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue are the most common sources of perinatal stem cells. The main ways of harvesting adult stem cells are bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, referred to as liposuction. A woman’s womb is not used as a growing and multiplication environment of embryo cells; instead, embryo cells are multiplied in a laboratory You should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks if you want to be a donor for stem cells because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. So that the procedure of extracting stem cells from the bone marrow can be painless the donor sedated.